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Help Sudha Varghese to uplift India's most marginalised community

If you are in a hurry, then I will encourage you to go through these two short videos and if you have a little bit time, then I request you to read the extraordinary journey of this woman who single-handedly has transformed so many lives.

"You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view... Until you climb inside of his skin and walk around in it." -  Harper Lee, To Kill a Mocking Bird.

Sudha Varghese is one of the best examples of people who have understood and applied the above quote in real life.  Sudha Varghese is a social activist who has spent more than 50 years in Bihar working for poor in particular Musahars – a Scheduled Caste community who are still treated as untouchables in the 21st century.

Source: Youtube: The Globe and Mail

Source: The Globe and the mail

In urban India, people live with the comforting belief about the absence of the caste-discrimination in the society except for the few reported incidents here and there. However, even after 70 years of independence and implementation of affirmative-action policies to uplift the people belonging to Scheduled Castes (SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) have been only successful partially. Moreover, even in this scenario few communities have been almost entirely neglected by the government, and one example of such group is the Musahars which are at the bottom of the Indian hierarchal caste-system and occupy the lowest rung in the socio-economic ladder. Musahars constitute 1.5% of the scheduled caste population, and their estimated population is nearly 3 million as per the 2011 census.  They also have the lowest literacy rate and per capita income among all the Dalit sub-castes. The literacy rate among males is 2-3 %, and among women, it falls even below one percent.

Source: Aljazeera

Source: Dailymail UK

Traditionally, the widespread poverty amongst Musahars has led them to consume rats as a source of protein and hence the name “Musahar” ( “Musa”(Rat) + “Aahar”(Eat) ). Musahars are unskilled labourers and are landless. They are deprived of means of livelihood and education. The search for food is the everyday struggle for this community, and in this scenario education, health and sanitation are not priorities for them.

Sister Sudha Varghese was born in a prosperous family in 1949 in the district of Kottayam, Kerala. In 1965, at the age of 16, she moved to Bihar where she started working in the schools run by the convent – The Sisters of Notre Dame. She soon realised that to reach the most marginalised community, she needs to take the less trodden path as she wanted to be with the poor and that’s why she left the confines of the convent.
In 1986, She moved to a tola, (a cluster of slummy mud houses at the margin of a village reserved for lower caste peoples) in Jamsaut, a village Near Danapur, Patna. The transition from the Motherhouse in the city to a Musahar tola wasn’t smooth. The residents gave her a home, and she had to made many adjustments like waking up at 4 AM with other Musahar women to go into fields to relieve herself due to the lack of toilets.  The appalling condition of Musahars in the village shocked her. The whole tola was filled with dirt, animal wastes and filth. Slowly, she started educating the women about personal-hygiene, personal-health and also of their children. She began teaching alphabets to the kids who were unable to attend the nearby government primary school due to discrimination.
She started to study their culture, their lifestyle and accepted this new way of life and later on, she taught them about their fundamental rights. The exploitation in the workplace was a common thing, Musahars were often paid below the minimum wages and that too never on time.  She made sure to educate them so that they can demand their rightful share and was successful in her attempt. She made aware the parents about the government schemes regarding the education of the children and enrolled them to the nearest government schools.

She dedicated herself to know all the aspects of their lives. She learnt the different dialects to communicate efficiently with the people, and she focussed mainly on improving the deplorable condition of women and girls in the Musahar community. The girls are considered a burden and are the victim of child-marriage and are married off at the age of 12 or 13. They have five or six children by the age of 30, and a high infant mortality rate is prevalent among them.  It can be said that women and girls can be called as Dalits among Musahars. However, they do play a central role in the households, and this observation gave Sudha to work towards the upliftment of teenage girls who would be in charge of families in future and may catalyse a change in the community.
Sudha started to teach sewing, embroidery and functional literacy to teenage girls at her home and this slowly expanded into five centres in other villages. The organisation “Nari Gunjan” (Women’s Voice) was established in 1987. Gradually, the number of educational centres expanded to 50 with the help of UNICEF funds.

To fight the sexual abuse and rape from the dominant caste men, she commuted for three years to a law school in Bangalore and became an advocate. She registered cases and fought legal battles against the upper caste men and got few of them convicted of rape against Musahar women.
She stayed in Jamsaut with them for 21 Years.
In 2005, she had to move out from the village due to the death threats by dominant-caste members as they blamed her for an incident in which dominant-caste men attacked some Musahar boys and the latter filed a police complaint against the former. She was not aware of the issue, and she protested, but then due to risk to the life, she left the village. In a way, it was a victory for her as the whole incident was a result of years of educating the community about their rights.
By this time, Sudha was sure that the Musahar’s girls were the key to the change in the community. It was this time, when the concept of creating a unique and special school for the girls, came to her mind.
In 2006, she found a place in Lal Kothi, a place near the Danapur Cantonment ( outskirts of Patna ) which was a combination of public toilet and buffalo shed. However, with the help of state government, donations and volunteer service, this derelict property got converted into a two-storey building with dormitory, kitchen and few classrooms.
She named this special residential school “Prerna”- which means Inspiration in Hindi -  for Musahar girls, to make sure they are removed from the farm labour and escape the evil of child marriage. The girls are taught the fundamental rights guaranteed by the constitution, special classes on arts and dance and Karate class as Sudha felt that self- defence training would give them “more self-confidence, and self-protection”. Since birth, a feeling of worthlessness is inculcated in Musahar girls, and Sister Sudha’s fundamental goal is to replace that feeling with dignity. In an interview to The Globe and Mail, she told,
"All their lives, they are told, 'You are the last. You are the least. You do not deserve to have.' They learn very fast to keep quiet, don't expect changes and don't ask for more." 

Source: Global Sisters Report

Source: The Globe and mail

Prerana Hostel’s adolescent girls during Karate Practice. Source: Livemint

The girls of Prerna hostel became so proficient that they won five golds, five silvers and 14 bronze medals at a competition in Gujrat in 2011 and it earned them an international trip to the Asian Karate Championship in Japan where they won seven trophies. The Prerna residential school currently accommodates 150 girls. The success of Prerna school was such that in 2012, the government of Bihar asked Sudha to replicate the model at Bodhgaya which has the residential capacity of 100 girls.

Apart from Prerna, there are 50 educational centres (Kishori Kendras) in various blocks like Punpun, Bihta, Phulwari Shariff and Naubatpur Blocks of Patna district. These centres focus on promoting functional literacy among adolescent girls as well as information on moral issues, fundamental rights, sanitation, health, nutrition and various questions about women and teenage children. Moreover, there are centres ( Ananda Shiksha Kendra ) which extend educational support to all Musahar children to level up them with the curriculum of government schools. There are 3000 children in total enrolled with these centres, and the ultimate goal is to reduce the dropout rate in schools which is high among Musahars.
There are also livelihood training programs which include necessary information to open bank-account, procure micro-credit for self-employment. Moreover, Sudha’s organisation train women to produce Sattu, pickles, leaf plates, doormats, bags etc. and later provide financial and market connections. Community farming, poultry and goat farming were also introduced to provide more livelihood options.
 Sudha Varghese tried to implement a unique way of providing livelihood to Musahar women by creating Nari Gunjan Sargam Mahila(Women) Band. Nari Gunjan Sargam Mahila Band is Bihar’s first all-women drummer's band and has given new hope to the women in marginalised communities.  Apart from financial stability, playing music in different ceremonies have earned them respect, fame and prestige. This band was also featured in BBC 100 Women 2017 series and also been covered by many Indian media outlets like The Hindu,, livemint etc. Based on the success of this band, girls at Prerna are also given drumming lessons these days.

Source: The Hindu
Sudha Varghese is popularly known as “Cycle wali Didi (Cycle- Sister)” because she used to visit all the Musahar communities on her bicycle for more than 30 years.  She draws her inspiration from Dr B.R.Ambedkar who fought caste-based discrimination and drafted the Indian constitution which legally abolished the practice of untouchability. Although she is a Catholic nun, she recognises herself, first and foremost as an activist with a humanitarian purpose, not a religious one. Sudha Varghese has spent five decades in Bihar improving the condition of Musahars, fighting her religious congregation, dominant caste people and local politicians.

Source: Vanitha
“Even when I am threatened, I am frightened inside, but I don’t show fear. Everything is not possible, but a lot is possible. Hope is necessary. We cannot get disappointed, that things will never change. They will, and they do,” she said in an interview with livemint.
This list doesn’t end here, and many more such initiatives have been taken by her to make sure that the community which has been oppressed for centuries comes out of this grim condition and joins the rank of other Dalit sub-castes which are doing relatively well.
Sudha Varghese has been awarded “Padma Shri” in the field of “Social Work” by then President of India, Dr A.P.J Abdul Kalam in 2006. Recently,  she has been honoured by awards like Vanitha Women of the Year and Mar Joseph Kundukulam Foundation Award for her humanitarian work for Dalits in Bihar. She has also served as the Vice-chairperson of Bihar State Minorities Commission (August 2012 – June 2016).

Sudha Varghese accepting the Padma Shri Award 2006 from President Dr A.P.J. Abdul Kalam. Source: Patnabeats

The devastating effects of caste system have pushed back the starting line of development of few communities so back that India can never aspire to be a developed nation unless it brings back the marginalised groups into the mainstream society. Apart from it, the restoration of dignity among Dalits will take centuries, but people like Sudha Varghese are acting as a catalyst to boost up this change by working at the grass-root level. She is indeed a great inspiration for everyone who wants to bring equality in the society as well as her work can open the eyes of people who are privilege-blind and deny the existence of evils of caste-system.
The only question which haunts her is where these girls will go after leaving this school? These girls will no longer fit in with their community, and they have to fight the harsh reality of discrimination at every step of their life. No one can answer this question, but one thing is established that Sudha Varghese has instilled hope and dignity in the girls and few of them have begun to dream.
“My dream and my hope for them is that they would be educated. They'll be people with self-confidence, independent, and someone who can stand up in their community and attract other children to follow the way that they have taken, the way of education. And they will become agents of change and help their society to go ahead.
And I'm sure they themselves will begin to dream.”

 – Padam Shri Sudha Varghese [Source: The Globe and the Mail]

If you have endured this long reading this story then I will encourage you to help her initiatives. Any amount of donations (INR 100, 500 etc.) will be helpful, please donate as well as share the story. 
Annual estimate of sponsorship of 1 Girl Student (for Grade 11 & 12) at PRERNA: 
Coaching Fees  = 625 INR p.m * 12 = 7500 INR 
Books = 250 INR p.m * 12 =  3000 INR
Contingency Fund = 500 INR *12 = 6000 INR

 B. 1) Books ( Academic or Non-Academic) for Library. 
2) Hostel Facilities
3)  Educational Tools like toys, puzzles or any equipment which can help their understanding. 
4.) Mini Scholarships to encourage them to explore more of their field of interest.
Ask for an update
21st July 2018
Dear Supporters,
I am delighted to inform you all regarding the Matriculation (Grade 10 / GCSE Equivalent) results of girls from Nari Gunjan Prerna Hostel. Seven (7) girls from Prerna hostel have successfully passed the exam out of which four have secured the first division ( 60 % +) and rest three, second division ( 50-59 %). Nari Gunjan’s Prerna hostels prevented these girls from the discriminated social environment, malnutrition and poor schooling. Proper guidance, resources, environment and teaching, has helped them to achieve this feat.
A pivotal role in their success has been played by team Aavishkaar ( a non-profit organisation which works in the education sector with a motto: shifting the focus from teaching to learning).
Moreover, Nari Gunjan also runs coaching centres for class 9th and 10th in the districts of PunPun and Bihta in Bihar. Fifteen (15) students got the first division, and eleven (11) secured third division. This number is remarkable as it shows that boys and girls which can’t avail the facilities provided in Prerna hostel can also perform better with a little help.

Prize distribution ceremony for the successful students in the Matriculation exam 2018.

The money raised by our fundraiser will support the seven girls of the 2017-18 batch to pursue further studies.  Sudha Ma’am conveys her thanks to every donor who helped to promote the cause of upliftment of Mushahar community.
Another great news is that now after the success of fundraising, big online news platforms like The Better India and MGChangemaker are coming together to support the cause of Sudha Ma’am. If you would like to donate to her cause again, you can visit the following links:


Mayank Shreshtha
“Not everything that is faced can be changed, but nothing can be changed until it is faced.”   -  James Baldwin

10th April 2018
I measure the progress of a community by the degree of progress which women have achieved.”                                                                                                                       - Dr B.R.Ambedkar

Dear Supporters,

Thank you very much for the incredible support that you have shown towards helping the teenage girls of Musahar community. The campaign has ended, and we raised a total of 3,67,238 INR. This enables a total of 10 girls to complete high school (A-Levels) with full resources.

As I mentioned in my previous message, the case of two brilliant girls, Asha and Sanju who have managed to score very high marks in tenth board exams (GCSE) despite lack of proper resources. The first batch of the scholarship will be for them, and it will help them to at least complete high school education and hopefully, they continue for further education. Sudha Ma’am had already arranged the educational resources (school, extra coaching, books) for both as soon as the fundraising began and I am delighted to say that recently the same facility has been extended to few more students.
Asha and Sanju both have been enrolled in Intermediate of Science (I.Sc) courses with Physics, Chemistry and Maths (PCM) combination.

                                                                    Asha Kumari

                                                                         Sanju Kumari
These girls are the first generation to receive education and will face discrimination at every step due to their caste and gender. There is a long way ahead of them before they will be able to stand on their feet but because of the generous support of you all, they have taken the first step. We will try to establish a proper system of sponsorship through collaboration with organisations like Nanhi Kali and Magic Bus to help other children of marginalised communities.

You can contribute to the upliftment of Musahar girls by providing them resources directly. You can send (direct online order through Amazon or Flipkart is the best way) books (academic or non-academic), educational toys/puzzles, drawing kits, Quality stationaries etc. to the following address:
Sudha Varghese,
Nari Gunjan, Prerana Hostel, Lal Kothi, Danapur, Patna – 801503, Bihar, India
Phone number/ Mobile Number : 06115-224448/ +91-9431025201

Note: Please make sure to inform the Nari Gunjan team about your package before delivery through a mail to

One of the most significant problems plaguing India is a large number of school dropouts from marginalised communities. The denial of education to the children of marginalised communities (Dalits (SCs), Tribals (STs) and minority Muslims) is the bitter truth. In particular, as per NSSO (National Sample Survey Office) survey, the enrollment statistics show a very concerning picture.  The share of school enrollment among Dalit students drops from 81% in 6-14 years age group to 60% in 15-19 group. In the 20-24 group in higher education, this further plummets to 11%.  The leading causes are poverty and social discrimination (which even continues to haunt Dalit students in universities and even in IITs). The school exclusion (This identifies children who are not allowed to attend school because of social reasons.) rate is highest among Dalit girls and situation gets worse as we move from urban to rural areas. These statistics shed light on the main reasons why affirmative-action policies (reservation policy) have not been able to uplift the historically oppressed community even after 70 years of implementation.
Lastly, I would like to say our duties are not finished by contributing to any campaign; if one wants to demolish this oppressive social structure of caste, they must start with acknowledging their privileges, stop using casteist slurs and destroy the caste-pride which is inculcated in many of us since childhood.

Mayank Shreshtha
“Indifferentism is the worst kind of disease that can affect people.” - Dr B.R.Ambedkar

14th February 2018
Dear Supporters,
First of all a big THANK YOU to all of you for supporting this campaign and with all of your help, with all the funds we have raised we would be able to fund the senior secondary (Grade XI-XII) school education of 7 adolescent girls. The campaign will be still running for next 30 days, and hopefully, this number will increase.

There is one point, I would like to clarify the purpose of the fundraising campaign. Musahar girls are the primary target of sexual abuse and rape on an everyday basis. In case they are raped, even their community consider them unmarriageable and this thought forces parents to marry girls at an early age before they are attacked, and their reputation is tarnished.  Unfortunately, this kind of atrocities on Dalit women and girls is prevalent in rural India, and the mainstream electronic and print media reports very few incidents as in India some human lives are less important than others.

The Prerna residential schools are a safe shelter for the girls, and it helps them to escape this fate for few years mainly till class 10th. Many adolescent girls when return home for holidays are forced to marry because according to elders they look big enough to marry and never go back to school again. Sudha Ma'am has implemented many solutions to stop this exodus, but the success rate is still low.


Unfortunately, we all can't do much to stop the exodus of girls after completing class 10th. However, we can support those who are willing to continue their education. The inception of fundraising came into place during my last visit to Prerna when I got to know about the extraordinary case of two girls. In the year 2016-2017, a total of 35 students from Musahar community. Given all the problems which I have listed, only 15 of them were able to qualify. Out of these 15,  two girls Asha and Sanju secured first division ( more than 60% which is a very good score in Bihar Board examinations). This result is remarkable because academic merit is nothing but a result of privilege and opportunity. These girls achieved that merit despite any proper training and resources. These two girls will be the first recipient of the scholarship funded by this fundraiser. If enough funds are generated, then we will also fix some deposit for their undergraduate studies. The education in Bihar is free for girls till post-graduation, and we can help them to provide a maintenance grant in future.
I had never thought that we would able to raise more than 50,000 INR. The support from all of you and Team Milaap has made it possible to extend this system to other motivated girls in future.

These funds will help us to provide a temporary solution to permanent problem. Every time, one can't resort to the method of crowdfunding. There are few charities which specialise in girl education like Nanhi Kali, Magic Bus etc. We will try to collaborate with these agencies so that these girls could be sponsored through a proper channel and a formal system is established in future.

You have done your part, but still, there are many ways which you can help this campaign. It is my observation that if only share the campaign link on Facebook, it gets very little attention. The better way is to share with some text and an appeal. The much more efficient technique will be to email or personal messages highlighting the importance of this issue. Thus, I appeal, please share among your social circle, so that the impact can be increased. 

The next update will be at the end of the campaign, and I will also let you know about other ways by which you can help the girls.

With Kind Regards,
Mayank Shreshtha

Content Disclaimer: The facts and opinions, expressed in this fundraiser page are those of the campaign organiser or users, and not Milaap.
raised of Rs.500,000 goal

171 Supporters

Beneficiary: NARI GUNJAN info_outline

Supporters (171)

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