Although Inmates generally have an Anti-social Attitude and have been accused of Crime, it in no sense allows any other human to violate their other human rights. They have their basic human right of Freedom taken away from them and hence no other Human Rights should be violated
In Correctional services field, we do come across some efforts for Reformation in Jails, but hardly there is any systematic work to continue reformation and rehabilitation of released offenders from the Jail on bail or acquittal. The Proposal under submission is a comprehensive one that includes both Reformation and Skill training, leading to linkages to livelihoods and thereby, ensuring Rehabilitation of the young offenders
Urivi Vikram Charitable Trust has been working trying to implement the idea of restorative justice from August 2017 in Central Jail #5, Tihar Prisons
Right from the inception of the program, Chairman Dr UNB Rao has been effortlessly working towards the human rights advocacy of adolescents
Need Assessment: UVCT noticed under mentioned facets in young offenders (aged 18to 21 yrs) in Tihar Jail No.5:
•80% of inmates are unaware of life skills and organizing themselves in the right direction;
•60% of inmates have literary competency of below 5th grade;
•About 15% of inmates cannot read and write alphabets; and are 1st generation learners;
•More than 70% are coming from unorganized sector jobs;
•Less than 10% are employable on industrial parameters, and thus, skill training / up-gradation is of great importance;
•1 out of 3 inmates do have a mental health history like disturbed childhood, addiction etc.
•More than 15% inmates are habitual to have a conflict with the law and need psychological support to come out of the vicious circle.
•Most of the inmates have a history of substance abuse;
•Jail No. 5 houses about 900 inmates at any point of time( capacity is 500) and there exists conflicts among inmates on various counts;
The program is divided into two sections, pre-release and post-release
The pre-release focuses on Educational and therapy Sessions, 30 Inmates are randomly sampled and oriented on Life Skills based Education and is made a part of the Life Skill sessions for 45 working days which is completed by providing a certificate. The therapy sessions include Counselling and behavioural therapies to Inmates in need which is assessed clinically by trained and efficient professionals
The post-release focuses on Emotional, Legal and Financial helps to the released inmates so that it is easier for him to repatriate to the society, we are tied with YUVA program of Delhi Police where they are induced into a four-month skill development program under NSDC and PMKVY, and placements for financial stabilities are also sought, booster doses of Life Skill based Education are also given to the post released inmates
Qualitative Impact Assessment through regular feedback and testimonials from inmates. Following are some of the observations of the participants:-
•"I want to move in the right direction and not be negatively influenced by other inmates. I think life skills training are helping me with that." (Ward 5 student)
•“The positive change that I have gone through can never be bought by money.” (Noor Ali, Ward 3)
•“I have made mistakes in life for which I fully accept this punishment. But I am grateful that I got the opportunity of availing such facilities to understand myself, others and life. I am trying my best to improve and lead a better life.”(Ward 5 student)
Quantitative Impact Assessment: For quantitative data analysis, UVCT conducts regular Pre and Post Tests using Criminal Propensity Test and Morality Test. Participants will receive a certificate on successful completion of entire Life Skills Education (LSE) program. Certificates will be awarded based on learner’s attendance as well as Psychometric Assessment i.e. Pre and Post-test. Since this is a new and innovative program, it will become a benchmark once it runs for a few years. It is hoped that these certificates will help the students for applying for a job or education.
UVCT’s centres, running successfully outside, as per NSDC complied formats. Also, other courses running inside Tihar Jail are in compliance with NSDC. NSDC format will also be followed by us inside Tihar Jail. Since this project is innovative and new, it is important for us to run the project for at least 3 years in order to document placement progress on post-release.