Senaapathy Kangayam Cattle Research Foundation (SKCRF) is an in-situ conservation and breeding centre based in Kuttapalayam in Tirupur district of Tamil Nadu. SKCRF functions as a resource and research centre working on conservation of Kangayam, one of the native breeds of cattle in Tamilnadu. Awareness is focussed more intensely for the Kangayam breed and the Korangadu, a unique silvi pastoral land and farming system which is unique to Kongu region, mid-western Tamilnadu. Kangayam breed and the Korangadu are interdependent and hence they need to be protected from the serious threats that they face. SKCRF also works to preserve the bio-cultural values and the uniqueness around our indigenous breeds of livestock and the traditional knowledge associated with it. In order to preserve the breed Kangayam cattle show is organized by SKCRF as an annual event. This proposal is to seek a financial support for institutionalizing and organizing the event for the year 2019 without hindrances.
Protecting Native Livestock
Worldwide native livestock breeds are becoming extinct. The Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) estimates that 10% of the word’s breeds are already lost and 20% of livestock breeds are at the risk of extinction. Pushed by social and economic changes as well as the threat of exotic and commercial breeds, native breeds are facing a slow death.
In India, native breeds are a product of hundreds of years of evolution and careful husbandry by generations of farmers and livestock keepers in their respective habitats. These locally evolved breeds are highly resistant to diseases and are capable of coping with the harsh climatic conditions of the region.
They require low upkeep and maintenance, and due to their meagre feed requirements naturally, are more efficient producers than exotic breeds. The resurgence of traditional and organic farming practices is restoring the pivotal role of cattle in the farm ecosystem – a role that these cattle were specifically bred for.
Native cattle are an integral part of the economic, social, cultural and even spiritual lives of the community. Preserving these breeds is vital to preserving this complex interdependent socioeconomic, cultural and ecological system. Native breeds are a vital Animal Genetic Resource and preserving these resources contributes to ensuring our food security, which is becoming increasingly relevant in this era of climate change.
Kangayam Cattle and SKCRF
Kangayam is a famous draft cattle breed in Western Tamil Nadu and it is an integral element of the Korangadu pastoral system in the region. This sturdy breed has been essential for milk for farm consumption, lifting water, ploughing, hauling the harvest and rural transportation in general. A number of factors, including irrigation, availability of electrical and diesel pumps, as well as a rise in property prices leading to commercial development, have resulted in a dramatic reduction of its grassland habitat thereby affecting the population.
SKCRF has been part of the Union and State Planning Commissions’ consultative process for conservation of native livestock. SKCRF is also a founder member of the LIFE network, a group of organizations participatory to the United Nations’ Convention on Biological Diversity. The Foundation has assisted in forming a breeder’s society for Kangayam cattle in the name of “Kangayam Cattle Breeders Society” (KCBS) which at the last count has more than 1500 members. The Foundation works to raise awareness about native livestock among the general public and educates farmers by conducting workshop on natural farming principles using the animal residues of native cattle. SKCRF has a continued presence in the cattle shandies held in the region and assists farmers and other individuals interested in procuring Kangayam cattle from livestock keepers.
Proposal for the Kangayam Cattle Show
The Kangayam cattle show is an annual event organized by SKCRF and supported by donor organizations and philanthropists. The event is aimed at promoting conservation of the native Kangayam breed and maintaining the quality of pedigree Kangayam cattle. The event has attracted the participation of a large number of farmers and livestock keepers. It has provided a platform for farmers and livestock keepers to display their prized bulls and cows and earn prizes in various livestock categories. These have proven to be a valuable incentive for livestock keepers of Kangayam cattle and have become a great source of pride for the winners. Expert judges award these prizes to good pedigree cattle, ensuring the breeding of thorough bred. A key feature of the event is the awarding of prizes for the best bulls and cows showcased. These prizes reward and encourage livestock keepers, many of whom have been custodians of this breed for generations, to continue to protect this breed and save it from extinction. In previous years, the show has seen large participation from farmers and livestock keepers and the general public at large, with over 50000 people attending the event in 2012 and equal numbers in 2013 and 1 lakh people in 2016. The event is also a big crowd puller and helps showcase the cultural heritage of the Kongu region. Efforts are on to make it an important day in the region’s tourism calendar.
SKCRF will be actively involved in organizing the event at the venue. The show will be promoted among farmers and livestock keepers in the region so that they can bring their cattle to the venue. Print media, both English media and local dailies, as well as the visual media will cover the event and have a presence at the venue. The Hindu has been our media partner and has been promoting the conservation of native cattle. Promotional banners, hoardings of the sponsors will be displayed at all prominent locations and further mileage by way of mass media will be garnered for sponsors.
SKCRF’s intention is to institutionalize this cattle show in the name of the sponsors, to ensure that the show continues as an annual event. We will acknowledge your support appropriately and in a manner that is suggested by you.
The Kangayam cattle show is reflective of the inherited cultural heritage of the Kongu region and its people and your support to this event will go a long way in fostering this event for posterity. We appeal to you to help preserve this rich cultural heritage and lend your name to the prestigious Kangayam cattle show.
Category of prizes:
Master Stud Bull (4years old or above 4 teeth) (4 prizes)
Adult Stud Bull (less than 4years old or below 4 teeth) (4 prizes)
Young Stud Bull (2 to 4 years old below four teeth) (4 prizes)
Adult Oxen (4 teeth and above) (4 prizes)
Young oxen (below 4 years or below four teeth) (4 prizes)
Mayilai cow 4 teeth and above (white) (7 prizes)
Adult Mayilai 2 teeth and below 4 teeth (white) cow (4 prizes)
Young Mayilai (white) belo7YOw 2 teeth Heifer (4prizes)
Adult Sevalai 2 teeth and above (Red) cow (4prizes)
Young Sevalai below 2 teeth (Red) Heifer (3 prizes)
Adult Kari 2 teeth and above (Black) cow (4 prizes)
Young Kari below 2 teeth (Black) Heifer (3 prizes)
Total cash prize - Rs 12,00,000 /- (approx.)
Estimated budget for the cattle show
|Item heading||Amount (Rs.)|
|Stationaries, postage & print material||1,00,000|
|Refreshments – Lunch, tea and snacks|
(for volunteers and Judges, Invitees and Doctors)
(Judges and Doctors)
Shamiana / marquee / Ring/ Water
(Visitors and Cows)
|Promotions – Advertisement – Banner||2,00,000|
|Photography / Video||40,000|
Bank account details
Senaapathy Kangayam Cattle Research Foundation,
Lakshmi Vilas Bank Ltd,
Muthur, Tiruppur district,
Account no - 0453 3510 0000 1072
Donations in INR are exempted from Income Tax Under section 80G of the Income Tax Act 1961, C.No.227(23)/C1T-11/CBE/2014-15.