Over 85% of the rural families are dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. However, due to denudation of natural resources, sub-division of their land holdings and fluctuations in climatic conditions, the income from agriculture has been dwindling steadily. Therefore, women empowerment should be an important and integral component of the sustainable livelihood programme in rural India.
Poverty has a direct influence on food security and the rural poor and women in particular suffer the most during such scarcities and calamities. Thus, ensuring food security through women empowerment should be the primary goal of sustainable rural livelihood.