Mumbai's skyline is rising by the day, but the growth has come on the beleaguered backs of sanitation workers. Manual scavenging, as their work is known, was ruled illegal in 2013, but private contractors hired by the municipal government continue to employ them. According to ‘Prohibition of Employment as Manual Scavengers and their Rehabilitation Act 2013’ manual scavenging has been totally prohibited but private contractors hired by the municipal government continue to employ them.
Hundreds reportedly die from the work each year. Although sewage clean-up has become mechanized in some areas, government figures suggest that 770,000 people either work as sewage cleaners or are supported by them.
Perspective of stake holders and customers
In gutters, workers who earn about ₹300 a day stand in the waste, which reaches chest high, and use long wooden sticks to clear jams. In some areas,workers crawl through the sewage, wearing no protective gear. Filth and human excrement are a given, but sometimes they come across a dead dog or a dead rat as well . Thus a solution of this type can help the people in this profession and make their life less risky.
From the economic point of view , people in this profession have been given minimal compensation for their job. Budget for the Self-employment Scheme for Rehabilitation of Manual Scavengers has been slashed
Rs 448 crore budget under this head in 2014-15
Rs 470 crore in 2015-16
Rs 5 crore in 2017-2018
Figure shows data showing drastic reduction in budget.Thus it becomes very clear that with the solution we aim to find, it will
reduce the risk hazards of the people and also save money of the
Our solution aims to produce such a system which would require only 1 person
who will be responsible for only transporting and using the machine. In a normal
case , to clean one manhole, minimum 3 people are involved i.e all 3 are subjected
to inhuman conditions. It can be used in any terrain that cant be reached with
current machines. Thus, it will try to bridge the gap between most economic and
most efficient methods available.
As per our current state of work , we have been able to fabricate a working prototype which is able to do the basic function of lifting waste from the manholes.
We need your help to make this prototype for our FINAL YEAR ENGINEERING PROJECT even more efficient and add more functions so that it can be used as a final prototype for the problem stated.