COVID impact on farmers and traders in Pondicherry:
Due to the sudden onslaught of the novel Corona Virus Covid19, people around the globe were taken for a shock and unprecedented impact on the economy of the Globe. And the continued lockdown made the daily life of Traders, Farmers, and other MSMe’s dealing with perishable goods more miserable. Many Traders, Farmers and MSMEs had to throw away their products due to lack of transportation, storage, and market buyers. This included products like milk, vegetables, farm products, and seafood. This resulted in an economic fiscal deficit of several billion dollars worth of goods. Pondicherry was also no exception to this catastrophe.
Why this Project:
To offset above the perishable condition of products which has occurred during the present Covid109 situation, Dr.M.HARIHARAN, a Social Activist is embarking upon the project of providing and installing movable COLD STORAGE units for both Vegetarian and Non-vegetarian perishable products including milk products, vegetables, farm products, and seafood to be stored in Cold Storage units by sharing basis between two nearby Village/Panchayats units in Pondicherry.
Pondicherry State covers an area of appx.240000 Sq.Km (including Mahe and Yanam) Pondicherry comprises of 71 village Panchayats and five Municipalities spread over Pondicherry and Karaikkal regions. To start with the Project proposes to install around 20 Cold storage units each to be shared two village Units on a consensus basis.
Units: 40 cold storage units @Rs.500000 each
Installation, Running maintenance and Service for one year: @ Rs.20000 per year per unit for the first year only
Total Budget: approx.1 crore.
Expenses to be borne by the respective Village Panchayat under recurring expenditure plan under their jurisdiction
ABOUT COLD STORAGE…..
It raises the temperature and pressure of refrigerant (the working medium, Ammonia) vapor coming out from an evaporator. The throttling process makes pressure and temperature reduction. Due to friction, the throttling process occurs, and pressure along with temperature decreases.
A Range of Uses: Cold storage rooms are temperature adjustable, they can be used for different functions by adjusting the temperature to change from a drying room to help control the moisture content of the products being stored to a blast freezer.
A cold storage is a space in a building where crops can be stored for a longer time. The main purpose of a cold storage is to store crops for a longer time to fulfil the different demands during the year and to get a better price for the crops
- Perishable nutrient products.
- Perishable food (vegetables, fruits, meat and seafood, dairy products)
- Flowers and plants.
- Indigenous Biopharmaceutical products.
Cold storage is a computer system or mode of operation designed for the retention of inactive data. ... High-performance primary storage is generally considered too expensive for inactive data that is retained on a long-term or indefinite basis.
For large cold storage facilities, ammonia has become the refrigerant of choice because it produces the greatest net refrigerating effect (btu/lb), and often the lowest brake horsepower per ton of refrigeration (BHP/TR) of any industrial refrigerant.
New technologies have made it possible to get fresh, perishable foods from one side of the world to the other without putting the integrity of the foods at risk.
Similarly, state-of-the-art temperature-controlled containers and trailers make it possible to get valuable, perishable biopharmaceuticals to areas of need.
But as much as we talk about refrigerated transportation, we often forget to talk about one of the aspects of cold chain logistics that makes it possible: cold storage and refrigerated warehousing.
Cold storage is the storage of any temperature controlled substance that prevents that substance from decaying or not adhering to laws and regulations that apply to that item.
Because of the regulation surrounding refrigerated freight, cold storage is much more complex than its dry counterpart.
Refrigerated warehousing tends to be more costly, so many manufacturers opt to outsource their cold storage to third party logistics providers.
As demand for the transportation of refrigerated goods increases, so does demand for value-added services such as repack operations and consolidation. Customers tend to have more stringent requirements for the 3PLs they are outsourcing to, since retailers and end users have higher expectations when it comes to pallet building and traceability.
Because of these heightened expectations, 3PLs tend to have a lower return on investment for cold storage, and have to do everything possible to optimize their processes and facilities in order to remain profitable.
Diverse customer needs are shaping the evolution of the cold storage industry—and these needs are not limited to added value services.
They also have to do with the nature of the goods themselves being stored .
Different products have varying shelf lives, ranges of temperatures they are required to be stored at, and amounts of time they can spend between the cold storage facility and a transportation vehicle before spoiling.
Refrigerated containers are the most basic and often the most cost-effective option for cold storage of small quantities of temperature-sensitive products. They can also be mobile, which gives them the advantage of extra flexibility.
Blast Freezers and Chillers:
Blast freezers and chillers are ideal for companies who need to quickly cool and store food before it reaches its end consumer. It’s common for some larger restaurants and catering companies to use them.
Cold rooms are exactly what they sound like. They are a larger alternative to the options listed above.
.Plant-attached Cold Storage:
Plant attached cold storage is the preferred option for some manufacturers who want to keep their cold storage in house. Products can be transported via conveyor straight from manufacturing to a dedicated cold storage facility on-site.
Dedicated Custom Cold Storage Facilities:
many companies that use cold storage have complex needs based on the nature of their products and the preferences of their end consumers. Those who choose to avoid the cost of an on-site facility will opt to use a custom or dedicated cold storage facility provided by a 3PL.