It is facing the worst drought India has seen in the last 140 years. The North-East monsoon, which serves as the key source of water for the region, failed drastically, deficit by 62% last year. This combined with overexploitation of ground water, lower reservoir levels, the Cauvery water dispute and crop stress conditions, has left the state parched and is claiming the lives of two farmers every day between October 2016 and now.
NAGAPATTINAM – The Worst Affected District
The Better India is coming together with The Environmentalist Foundation of India (EFI), to #FightDrought, a LAKE & POND RESTORATION campaign that will focus on cleaning, desilting, deepening and restoring two ponds in the region.
The two ponds are going to be the Kiramaththu Medu-Thamarai pond in Keelvelur Taluka(a 2.5 acre pond) and the Thiruvaimur-Thamarai pond in Thirukuvalai Taluka, Nagapattinam District(size: 5 acres).
Baseline Study of the Lake and its Catchment.
Scientific study of the catchment which includes detailed hydrological, geomorphologic and ecological assessment. To prepare the project report. This time will also be used to avail necessary government permissions.
STAGE 1: Lake/Pond Clean Up
Removal of Physical Garbage and Weed Removal around the lake/pond. With the help of local residents and other volunteers to ensure community participation.
The clean ups are critical, in order to inform the public prior to restoration so as to keep the community involved
STAGE 2: Lake/Pond Desilting
Removing excess silt across the entire expanse of the lake/pond during the dry season. The depth at different portions of the lake is to be decided based on the base line.
STAGE 3: Bund Strengthening & Native Species Plantation
Using the excavated silt the bund around the
entire expanse of the lake/pond will be packed for 3ft height. To hold the packed bund native Indian species will be planted on the bunds of the lake. This will be followed by a protective fence creation to prevent future encroachment.
15-18 days (simultaneous to the desilting)
- Water recharge facility to the distance of 850m to 1km directly, indirect impact to the range of 3 to 3.6kms
- 1,800 to 2,000 families to benefit per pond, over long term with recharged groundwater in the region; with estimates of 4-5 heads per family, the project will benefit around 20000 inhabitants of the area
- Psychological impact to the larger district leading to several more water conservation efforts in a minimum of 90 to 95 surrounding villages.
- Restored water body to ensure improved water table (Groundwater stabilization)
- Restored water body to ensure temperature regulation
- Restored water body will help in preventing waterborne diseases
- Restoration to have an overall ecological, economical and climate impact in the villages chosen.
- Machine rental: Earth moving equipment such as a Hitachi 220 for desilting and deepening of the water body.
- Bund strengthening efforts with excavated silt. Creation of inlet and outlet regulation.
- Fuel charges for the machinery, labour charges for operation of machinery.
- Staff stipend for fieldwork for EFI
- Following outreach and awareness programs