SPARC-India working on Disability since 1996, wanted to do something in the field of generating employment for PWDs, so that they can live with dignity. In the rural areas it becomes more challenging for the target groups as far as livelihood option are concern. Only 1% out of 3% PWDs got job opportunity in govt service only 0.12% availing job in private sector. Only 17335 PWDs out of 50 lakh population benefitted through the NREGA .Less than 1% PWDs benefitted in SGSY( Till 2011) No segregated data available in other livelihood program in Uttar Pradesh.
This project aim is to finding those youth who are capable of doing something in their life but due to their disability and circumstances they are not getting jobs. There are many reasons specially in rural areas because of which they are not getting what they deserve like their educational background, family background, financial conditions etc., especially those which are closer to towns and therefore, have a higher proportion of educated disabled youth (studied up to class 10 or 12) would be selected and community awareness sessions would be conducted to create awareness.
- Candidate considered in the following criteria: Disabled youths in the age group of 18-30 years from rural areas. Preference would be given to persons who have studied up to class 10 and above.
All shortlisted beneficiaries would be invited to the project office along with their guardians for ‘knowledge and aptitude testing’. The test would consist of simple questions that assess their English language skills, knowledge on various subjects (as per the government curriculum for class 10) and their interest areas. Following the test, a career counsellor would orient them to different career options that match their knowledge and aptitude and they would be guided to choose one trade for skill training and placement.
We are focusing on developing semi-skilled workers to fill the demand-supply gap in Information technology/Information technology Business process outsourcing, Garment and Retail.
The training would be for a three month period. Each candidate would be trained in any one chosen trade and life skills. The life skills training aims to make the candidates job ready by increasing their confidence; improving their communication, computer and English language skills; apart from providing them career enhancement tips such as attending an interview, identifying job opportunities, salary negotiation with employers etc. All training modules would be translated into local language and into accessible formats.
The developed skill training modules would be whetted by industry-experts and certified by a skill training institute. All beneficiaries who have successfully completed the training would receive a certification.
3) Background of Project :
PWDs have multiple challenges in their day-to-day life. There are more than 7 categories of disabilities and mainly they had problems viz. accessibility, mobility, literacy, and communication etc. majority of PWDs are depriving of education for which regular employment remains a dream. In the rural areas it becomes more challenging for the target groups as far as livelihood option are concern. Only 1% out of 3% PWDs got job opportunity in govt service only 0.12% availing job in private sector. Only 17335 PWDs out of 50 lakh population benefitted through the NREGA .Less than 1% PWDs benefitted in SGSY( Till 2011) No segregated data available in other livelihood program in Uttar Pradesh. The non cooperative attitudes of government officials/ Corporate and discriminative behaviours refrains PWDs from availing even those opportunities which are laid down in the various acts and laws framed by government of India for PWDs. As, Skill training is concern in UP, there is ITI ( Govt.and Private ) but only limited capacity ,however there is National Handicapped Finance Development Corporation ( NHFDC ),District Urban Development Authority (DUDA ) even no structured financial linkages and marketable skills assurance in Uttar Pradesh for People with Disabilities.
- Methodology of problematizing the concern :
Implementing structure: SPARC India, which has vast expertise in skill development and placement of disabled youth. SPARC India has set up a Livelihood Resource Centre (LRC), which act as a hub for all project activities. Disabled youth from villages in nearby districts surrounding the LRC would be mobilized to participate in the project.
The LRCs would be equipped with latest assistive technology to support the training needs of disabled persons, such as computers with assistive software like JAWS (Job Access With Speech), ramps and lifts for wheelchair users, adaptive lighting for persons with low vision, sign boards for the hearing impaired, information in large print/Braille/digital formats for the visually impaired.
Target group: 160 disabled youth in the age group 18-30 years from rural areas with mild to moderate, physical, visual, speech and hearing impairments. Preference would be given to persons who have passed class 10 and above; and are from women headed, below poverty line, tribal, schedule caste/tribe/minority households.
Trades selected: The project would focus on developing semi-skilled workers to fill the demand-supply gap in Information technology/Information technology Business process outsourcing, Garment and Retail.
Training details: The training would be for a three month period. Each candidate would be trained in any one chosen trade and life skills. The life skills training aims to make the candidates job ready by increasing their confidence; improving their communication, computer and English language skills; apart from providing them career enhancement tips such as attending an interview, identifying job opportunities, salary negotiation with employers etc. All training modules would be translated into local language and into accessible formats (Braille/large print/digital).
Certification and Accreditation: The developed skill training modules would be whetted by industry-experts and certified by a skill training institute. All beneficiaries who have successfully completed the training would receive a certification
- Post Placement Support :- The support would include helping them find accommodation, opening bank accounts, getting a mobile number, acquainting themselves with the employer, visiting the employer premises to see if the building and infrastructure are disabled-friendly. The LRC placement officer would also regularly interact with the candidates and the employers to identify any problems of the employees and help to resolve them. These interactions would also provide valuable feedback to improve/modify the project design. Beneficiary status would be tracked for a period of six months.
- Supporting statistics/data and source :
Uttar Pradesh, being the most populous state of India, faced many challenges on many fronts; employment of PWDs is one of them. As per the census 2011 the total population of PWDs is around 41.57 Lakhs which constitute around 2.08 percent of the total population, mostly (around 78 %) live in rural areas of the state. In spite of various mission mode programs like UP Skill Development Mission, State Rural / Urban Livelihood Mission, MNREGA, and other .Uttar Pradesh has the lowest Work Participation Rate (WPR) for both general and disabled population (i.e. 32.50 for non-challenged and 32.01 for the challenged population the gap is 0.49.).. According to the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) “Skill Gap Reports for 2012”, in 14 states of India there is a huge demand for semi-skilled workers. The reports have identified construction, retail, travel, hospitality & tourism, IT. The reports have also identified IT, banking, hospitality, and retail as high aspiration sectors among young people seeking employment. SPARC India have held informal discussions with disabled people and employers in the proposed areas and tentatively identified the IT/ITES/BPO and Retail sectors which match the NSDC identified skill gap industries -
In Lucknow districts following criteria has been used in selection of Youths with disabilities -
- Disability prevalence
- Low socio-economic indicators
- Already presence in the target areas
- High priority given to industry/corporate presence in the target areas, so that placement services can be facilitated easily
5) Justification for the Project:
SPARC India - has good linkages with corporate bodies such as Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), ELDECO, Airtel, and Global Matrix PVT. LTD, Vodafone, ICICI and Petrol Pump Association. It is also well connected with industrial networks viz. Indian Industries Association (IIA), and Confederation of Indian Industries (CII). The organization has networked with these organizations for identifying and providing job placement to trained candidates under its sustainable livelihood initiative.
SPARC India has already adequate experience in this field and the achievement of this program was those 70% youths with disabilities placed in different companies. PWDs got selected in different corporate like Aegis, MAX, Birla , PNB,Family Big Bazaar, Amartech Solution , Smartech Solution and Agri based organization. SPARC India is also going to tie up with UP Skill Development Mission and already collaborated with Skill Council of People with Disabilities for Lager impact in the Corporate as well as Society, In the context of Uttar Pradesh SPARC India has vast experience and established a faith among 40000 Children / Persons with Disabilities through their services. 14 Awards from National and State level in the f The organisation’s key competencies in skill development and placement are –
Capacity to conduct training programmes – SPARC India established a Vocational and Placement centre for the YwDs and weaker section in 2010. In short span period SPARC India trained and Placed more than 200 Disabled 250 weaker Girls from Below Poverty Line .
Expertise in developing industry-specific curriculum – The organisation’s training modules has been designed in consultation with experts to meet industry and certification requirements. The trainings cover technical skills such as advanced computer training, call management, tele-calling, accent training, customer service, client relations and conflict management. Additionally, beneficiaries are trained in essential life skills such as speaking and writing in English, communication skills, adapting to work environment, and personality development.
Good network of trainers - The organization has a network of trainers in each location, who not only have industry experience but, are also experienced in training persons with disabilities.
Extensive network of organisations: To support the training and employment activities, SPARC India has networked with Various corporate in the various sector in Lucknow.
Experience of working with the Government: SPARC India has vast experience in implementing government schemes related to education and health, which would ensure smooth implementation of the project.
SPARC India expertise in training and employment of disabled people; combined with its infrastructure that can provide a state-of-the art residential learning atmosphere and nutritious food; and a network of organizations that provide training and placement opportunities, make it an ideal organization to take up the proposed initiative.
ield of Disability Rehabilitation indicates the impact of our services in Uttar Pradesh.
SPARC India proposes to use this rich experience to link more PWDs to livelihood opportunities and try and sensitize as many prospective employers as possible so that their overall sensitivity increases to the cause of disability…thereby increasing the chances of PWD employment opportunities among employers.
- 6) Project objectives: The project aims to skill train and place 160 disabled youths from the selected four districts into regular employment within 12 months. Project will strengthen the livelihood opportunities for PWDs and create a market and generate sensitivity among prospective employers for hiring PWDs.
- 160 disabled youth from the selected two districts engaged in regular employment due to project interventions by the end of the project
- 160 disabled people will have received career guidance and counseling support by end of project from LRCs
- By end of project 160 disabled people will have received technical and life skills training
- 25 employers support skills training and employment of disabled people through the project
- By end of the project 75% trained PWDs got placement
- By the end of the project, a post-placement support network has been established for 160 disabled persons
- Linkages with community members, government departments, training, accreditation and certification agencies established