In this Corona / Covid-19 crisis we must have learned the importance of OXYGEN in our life and the importance of trees.
We get oxygen free of cost and still we need to buy it now because we forget to plant trees, and started to destroy our eco-system by removing plants from nature just for sake of human living.
By destroying the tropical forests, cutting down street trees, we risk our own quality of life, gamble with the stability of climate and local weather, threaten the existence of other species, and undermine the valuable services provided by biological diversity. Over the longer term, deforestation of tropical rainforests can have a broader impact, affecting global climate and biodiversity. These changes are more challenging to observe and forecast from local effects, since they take place over a longer time scale and can be difficult to measure.
We tend to forget the importance of plants and often take them for granted. You may think there is nothing much to the plants and trees that are around us every day but they are vital for life and our long-term survival. Plants are an essential resource - we rely on them for food, water, medicine, the air we breathe, habitat, our climate and more.
Plants are living organisms that can live on land or water. They have many different forms such as huge trees, others are herbs or some have bushy form. The basic food for all organisms is produced by green plants. Plants help in maintaining oxygen balance, the most important gas that enable us to breathe. Animals emit carbon dioxide by taking in oxygen. This rise in carbon dioxide levels in air is reduced by plants. Removal of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere reduces the greenhouse effect and global warming. It also maintains the ozone layer that helps protect Earth’s life from damaging UV radiation. Humans directly or indirectly depend on plants for several of their needs.
Following are the key reason to plant trees:
Air Pollution: A range of chemical pollutants can cause problems to health in industrial and urban environments. It has been increasingly shown that the presence of green spaces in these areas can be vital in acting as a sink for these pollutants, therefore improving air quality. Any green space has the capability of reducing air pollution. Woodland planted in the right areas near urban and industrial environments would be particularly effective due to the increase in surface area able to absorb the pollutants.
Food: Plant products are essential for human nutrition. Plants produce fruits rich in carbohydrate, vitamins and fiber that are necessary for health maintenance. They becomes an integral part of our regular diet. Different parts of plants serve as several purposes in our diet. Plant products are source of vegetables, fruits, essential oils, spices, beverages and many more that provides the prime importance of plants to humans.
Medicines: Plants are a great source of medicine even for life-threatening diseases. Also, plant medicine is safer due to their lower chances of side effects and also better compatibility to humans. Medicines derived from plants include vincristine, digitalis, colchicine, reserpine, quinine, morphine, taxol and aspirin.
Industry: Plant products are also a source of industrial products. Wooden furniture, doors, windows and different household products are from wood of huge tress. Source of papers that we use daily for writing are from bamboos. Cotton are source of linen, Industry uses essential oils, cosmetics, perfumes, rubbers from plant sources
Bio-fuels: Some plants are also grown for the sake of bio-fuels. Plant products are used as coal and other fuel products. The plants fuel is less toxic as it does not emit harmful gasses and also less expensive. Even the plant waste is used to generate electricity.
Natural pesticides: Plants are also the source of insecticides and pesticides. Artificial pesticides are harmful to the environment. They may even enter food causing health issue to human and animals. Using these naturally derived pesticides are safe. They degrade with time and even do not harm the soil. Ex: Pyrethrin (as Mosquito repellant), Neem, bacteria Etc.
Habitat: Plants create habitats for many organisms. A single tree may provide food and shelter to many species of insects, worms, small mammals, birds, and reptiles. Plants are incredibly important for providing habitats for a huge number of different species. A good example of this is the ‘oak’. This species supports more life than any other native tree. It provides habitat for hundreds of insects and food for birds and mammals. It supports fungi, lichens and even bats. Bat species will roost in old woodpecker holes or under loose bark and then feed on the insects in the tree canopy. Native wildlife depends on native plant and tree species like the ‘oak’ - without them they wouldn't be able to sustain themselves.
Plant a tree before cutting down another.
Your small contribution will help me to issue plant to the individuals and society across the local region.