Save Sundarban for Future Generation | Milaap
Save Sundarban for Future Generation
of Rs.20,00,000
11 supporters

    Created by
  • Ro

    This fundraiser will benefit

    Residents of Sundarbans

    from Odisha

80G tax benefits for INR donations


The Sundarbans, World’s largest mangrove ecosystem is universal ecologically important. The extensive mudflats and estuaries of Indian Sundarbans provide suitable habitat for various species of unique flora and fauna. The Sundarbans is of universal importance for globally endangered species including the Royal Bengal Tiger, Ganges and Irawadi dolphins, estuarine crocodiles and the critically endangered endemic river terrapin (Batagur baska). It is the only mangrove habitat in the world for Panthera tigris tigris species. The ecosystem of the Sundarbans has become very vulnerable to pollution. Climate change, too, poses a threat to this great forest due to various factors. The major threats are: discharge of untreated industrial effluents and domestic waste water that is posing threat to aquatic habitats and biodiversity. Indiscriminate seed (especially prawn seed/meen) collection effects in the loss of variety of aquatic species. Thousands of untrained workers who are involved in shrimp collection from sea, channels and rivers cause noteworthy harms to the fry of other species. The flow of water along the estuaries is hindered by thousands of nets that are laid along the stretch for trapping seeds of tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon) and many small and medium sized fishes. Dragging the nets along the shore uproots the mangrove seedlings. These seedlings not only control soil erosion, but also act as a major sink of carbon dioxide. Hence, this practice is therefore a serious threat to ecosystem services of Sundarban estuaries. This practice is extremely harmful to the ecosystem services. Natural calamities, viz. storms and sea level rise have increased salinity levels, and effect mangrove growth leading to the loss of Sundari (Heritiera formes) and nipa palm, species with low salinity tolerance. Studies also revealed that areas with saline banks have increased from 38.93 km2 to 74.79 km2 (w.e.f. 2011) and many species have lost due to transformation in saline zone. However, destruction of mangrove forest due to human encroachment and overdependence on mangrove forest for fuel and fodder have resulted in enormous amount of soil erosion and over salinity. Another threat of biodiversity is from illegal trade. Coastal people use body parts of many animals to prepare traditional medicines. They also use plants too in this practice. This kind of practices also causes loss of biodiversity. Debris and litter left by picnic parties also pose threats to this ecosystem. During high tide, these float back to the sea and cause pollution and get stuck on the mudflats. Also the mangrove habitat is contaminated with oil (from painting boats, trawlers/oil spill). This is posing direct threat on the vegetation by blocking their pneumatophores and also at the same time the faunal community depending on them would also perish. Grazing of livelihood is now a days a common phenomenon seen on the mudflats of Sundarbans. This practice is also disturbing the natural habitat of many species.

Mangrove ecosystem is a sensitive ecosystem which depends on natural creation and destruction of its mangrove lands. But unfortunately like everywhere else the balance between creation and destruction has been toppled due to man-made causes.  Hence, for the sake of the mangrove ecosystem, for the sake of all animals that live in the mangroves and for our own survival it is important not only to understand  the importance of the mangrove forest but also figure out ways to restore/recreate the destroyed mangrove habitat and lessen destruction of our mangroves.

To save this ecosystem, we are at working on some management plan to increase conservation effort in order to save the Sundarbans. Ban on plastics in tourist places should be implemented. We are also planning for alternative livelihood options for local people to stop illegal prawn seed collection/illegal trading.

As mass awareness program is needed to the coastal areas of Sundarbans and local people should be involved in maintaining/monitoring the biodiversity. We are working on many awareness activities among the people and trying to make them understand about the issues faced by the Sundarbans and to make them aware of the consequences of manmade hazards like deforestation etc.

We have started clean up exercises in selected places with community involvement to protect the environment and health of Sundarban.

We request you all come forward to join and contribute to Save Sundarbans.

From the bottom of my heart, thank you.

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