Economic independence for widows of Irular tribe of South India | Milaap
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Economic independence for widows of Irular tribe of South India

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Five families squeezed into 10 square meters of space. Low walls made of mud with palm leaves forming a pointed roof, confine the living area.  
Outside the hut, a used car tyre and a bast mat serves as a sitting area, while some steel cooking utensils and clothes are strewn around, finding no place within the confines of the mud wall. 18 people of third generation live here, without electricity.  The monsoons bring in their own challenges, making the hut uninhabitable for these families.
Now, the hut is the least of their problems.  They do not own the land they live on and nor do they have ID cards.  Their children cannot go to school and they can be expelled from this temporary shelter at any point in time. Welcome to a small settlement of the Irular.
 
As an indigenous tribe, Irular, spreads across countless villages in South India today. Originally forest dwellers, who live among nature, are considered as the lowest in the caste system.
 
The Tamil Nadu Forest Act, introduced in 1882, prohibits their life style, forcing them out of their familiar environment and to live as homeless wanderers, working as daily-wage labourers either on agricultural fields or in brick factories. Their meagre earnings help them to just about survive by allowing them to buy rice from the black market.
 
Widowed women or women with dependent families, turn to charity. As a single parent or as a single earning member of their families, these women are unable to provide sufficiently for their children and sometimes are forced to send them to beg. Though the government provides special development programmes for these indigenous tribes, bureaucracy buckles their progress, and discrimination does the rest.
 
How can I help?

 
In consultation with the villagers, we plan to buy five cows for five widows from five different villages, to become economically self-sufficient. With the sale of milk, single mothers can earn up to 90 € / 7000 INR a month, less the supply costs. Of their earnings, 12.50 € / 1000 INR is returned to the NGO, to help them buy a new cow for a new family in need, after eight months.
 
A dairy cow costs 500 € / 40000 INR. This is all it takes to help create a better future for a family, or even a whole village.
 
In the past, a few Irular families in the region around Gingee (a small town in Tamil Nadu of South India) have received goats. The concept is based, not on charity, but on "help for selfhelp." This has proven to be very successful and effective. 
For further reading, click on the following pages:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/40-irula-families-in-villupuram-live-a-life-without-identity-pazhangudi-irular-paathukappu-sangam-olakkur-jagampettai/article29370073.ece

https://www.facebook.com/pg/Enlight-Mission-277337982937780/about/?ref=page_internal
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Finanzielle Unabhängigkeit für Irular-Witwen in Südindien

Fünf Familien auf zehn Quadratmetern Fläche. Niedrige Wände aus Lehm begrenzen den Wohnraum, getrocknete Palmenzweige bilden das spitze Dach. Draußen gibt es einen Autoreifen als Sitzgelegenheit für 2-3 Personen, eine Bastmatte für den Rest, ein paar Stoffe und Kochgeschirr aus Edelstahl. 18 Menschen wohnen hier in dritter Generation. Das Land gehört ihnen nicht, jederzeit könnten sie von hier vertrieben werden. Sie haben keine Ausweise und keinen Strom, die Kinder gehen nicht zur Schule, und wenn der Monsunregen einsetzt, ist ihre Hütte unbewohnbar. Willkommen in einer kleinen Siedlung der Irular.

Als indigenes Volk, das sich in Südindien auf unzählige kleine Dörfer verteilt, stehen die Irular am untersten Ende des Kastensystems. Ursprünglich bevölkerten sie die Wälder und lebten von und mit der Natur. Der Tamil Nadu Forest Act für Umweltschutz verbietet ihnen dies seit 1882. Die Irular haben sich seit dem in der Nähe von Dörfern und Städten angesiedelt, um als Tagelöhner auf Feldern oder als Arbeiter in einer Ziegelei gerade genug Rupien zu verdienen, um auf dem Schwarzmarkt Reis kaufen zu können. Frauen, deren Männer arbeitsunfähig oder verstorben sind, sind auf Almosen angewiesen, denn alleine können Sie nicht genug Geld verdienen, um ihre Kinder zu ernähren. Manchmal schicken sie ihre Kinder zum Betteln. Die Regierung hält für solche Volksstämme Entwicklungsprogramme bereit, doch die Mühlen der Bürokratie mahlen unzuverlässig und werden oft von Diskriminierung angetrieben.

Wie kann ich helfen?


In Absprache mit den Dorfbewohnern möchten wir fünf Kühe für fünf Witwen mit Kindern in fünf verschiedenen Irular-Dörfern kaufen. Durch den Verkauf der Milch können die alleinstehenden Mütter abzüglich der Versorgungskosten monatlich etwa 90 € verdienen. 12,50 € davon geben sie an die NGO zurück. So kann nach acht Monaten eine neue Kuh für eine neue besonders bedürftige Familie gekauft werden.

Eine Milchkuh kostet 500 €. Das ist das Geld, das benötigt wird, um einer Familie und im besten Falle einem ganzen Dorf eine bessere Zukunft zu schenken.

In der Vergangenheit haben einige Irular-Familien der Region um Gingee bereits Ziegen erhalten. Das Konzept, das nicht auf Almosen sondern auf Hilfe zur Selbsthilfe beruht, hat sich als sehr erfolgreich und effektiv erwiesen. Mehr Infos findet ihr unter den folgenden Links:

https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/tamil-nadu/40-irula-families-in-villupuram-live-a-life-without-identity-pazhangudi-irular-paathukappu-sangam-olakkur-jagampettai/article29370073.ece

https://www.facebook.com/pg/Enlight-Mission-277337982937780/about/?ref=page_internal
Amudha from the village of Thuraampoondi
Amudha from the village of Thuraampoondi
Extreme poverty forces Irulas to make their children beg
Extreme poverty forces Irulas to make their children beg
Provide education for our children, begs Irula community from Gingee
Provide education for our children, begs Irula community from Gingee
Life without identity
Life without identity
Provide education for our children
Provide education for our children
Extreme porverty
Extreme porverty
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31st March 2020
Dear supporters!

The campaign concerning the economic independence for women of the Irular tribe has finally reached its goal: For a few weeks now, Panjalai, Malar, Malliga, Vijaya und Eswari, five women from the Sirukadambur village in Tamil Nadu, are proud owners of milking cows. Thanks to your donations!

Albert, head of the NGO Enlight Mission, has carefully chosen the five responsible women after a number of meetings and discussions with the village community. Panjalai, who’s husband has passed away, is giving care to her only child. The two mothers Malar and Malliga have two kids each to support on their own, while Malar’s husband Shankar suffers from tuberculosis and Malliga’s husband has abandoned her to live with another woman.

 Vijaya and Eswari are also both married and live with their husbands and two children each in one of the typical one-room huts that form the Irular village. (PFA more photos of the women with their cows.)
Each woman can count on the support of an eleven-member-strong group of villagers.

 The team will help them with animal care and milk sale if required, to ensure animal welfare and the daily income. Everyday the women sell their milk to the co-operative milk producers' federation AAVIN. On average they earn 250 INR (3 €) a day.

To administer the money, the Enlight Mission has opened a bank account for each group. The accumulated savings function as a financial support for possibly each group member:

When economic help is required, the whole team has to agree on the expense. One seventh of the income gets paid back to the Enlight Mission every month. Therefore, presumably after eight months, a new milking cow will be affordable for another family in need.

In total, the Enlight Mission has collected 164,855 INR (1964 €) (after deduction of fees for the online campaigns and the foreign transfer) from your donations. On the local cattle market, each milking cow costs 30,000 INR (355 €), thus in total 150,000 INR (1775 €). Another 18,300 INR (220 €) was spent on insurances, feed, medicine and transportation to the village.

The Irular, a South Indian tribal community, live below the poverty line and suffer structural social discrimination. Being a part of the marginalized society, they work mostly as day labourers in brick factories, on agricultural fields or on construction sites. Due to COVID-19 pandemic, their already instable income opportunities are now being further threatened.

The possibility of selling milk as a steady earning is coming at precisely the right point in time.

The village community of Sirukadambur, Albert from the Enlight Mission and myself would like to sincerely thank you for your generosity and support!

Appreciatively yours,
Hanna
Dear supporters!

The campaign concerning the economic independence for women of the Irular tribe has finally reached its goal: For a few weeks now, Panjalai, Malar, Malliga, Vijaya und Eswari, five women from the Sirukadambur village in Tamil Nadu, are proud owners of milking cows. Thanks to your donations!

Albert, head of the NGO Enlight Mission, has carefully chosen the five responsible women after a number of meetings and discussions with the village community. Panjalai, who’s husband has passed away, is giving care to her only child. The two mothers Malar and Malliga have two kids each to support on their own, while Malar’s husband Shankar suffers from tuberculosis and Malliga’s husband has abandoned her to live with another woman.

 Vijaya and Eswari are also both married and live with their husbands and two children each in one of the typical one-room huts that form the Irular village. (PFA more photos of the women with their cows.)
Each woman can count on the support of an eleven-member-strong group of villagers.

 The team will help them with animal care and milk sale if required, to ensure animal welfare and the daily income. Everyday the women sell their milk to the co-operative milk producers' federation AAVIN. On average they earn 250 INR (3 €) a day.

To administer the money, the Enlight Mission has opened a bank account for each group. The accumulated savings function as a financial support for possibly each group member:

When economic help is required, the whole team has to agree on the expense. One seventh of the income gets paid back to the Enlight Mission every month. Therefore, presumably after eight months, a new milking cow will be affordable for another family in need.

In total, the Enlight Mission has collected 164,855 INR (1964 €) (after deduction of fees for the online campaigns and the foreign transfer) from your donations. On the local cattle market, each milking cow costs 30,000 INR (355 €), thus in total 150,000 INR (1775 €). Another 18,300 INR (220 €) was spent on insurances, feed, medicine and transportation to the village.

The Irular, a South Indian tribal community, live below the poverty line and suffer structural social discrimination. Being a part of the marginalized society, they work mostly as day labourers in brick factories, on agricultural fields or on construction sites. Due to COVID-19 pandemic, their already instable income opportunities are now being further threatened.

The possibility of selling milk as a steady earning is coming at precisely the right point in time.

The village community of Sirukadambur, Albert from the Enlight Mission and myself would like to sincerely thank you for your generosity and support!

Appreciatively yours,
Hanna
28th November 2019
Dear Supporters,

Thank you for your love. The funds are now being sent, so that the villagers finally receive their milking cows! 
Dear Supporters,

Thank you for your love. The funds are now being sent, so that the villagers finally receive their milking cows! 
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Rs.0 raised

Goal: Rs.200,000

Beneficiary: Hanna Mathias info_outline
Only INR donations accepted