Help Underprivileged Women To Get Access To Proper Menstrual Hygiene | Milaap
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Help Underprivileged Women To Get Access To Proper Menstrual Hygiene
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Need Rs.30,000
  • Aditi

    Created by

    Aditi joshi
  • MH

    This fundraiser will benefit

    Menstrual Hygiene For Underprivileged Women

    from New Delhi, Delhi

Story

MENSTURAL HYGIENE
BY-ADITI JOSHI (2ndYEAR ZOOLOGY HONS STUDENT)
-SGTB KHALSA COLLEGE ,UNIVERSITY OF DELHI
Menstrual hygiene is defined as clean and hygienic practices during “PERIODS” which includes safe disposal of used sanitary napkins ,use of clean toilets ,proper santisa
tion etc ....
WHY MENSTURAL HYGIENE??
Mensturation and menstrual practices still face many social and religious restrications …In many parts  of our country especially in Rural India girls donot know about this monthly cycle commonly called as “PERIODS” so they have to suffer with hurdles and difficulties at schools ,their homes or be at some other  places like offices...
In such areas women and girls are unaffair of many life threatening infections that can be caused due to improper and unhealthy  menstrual hygiene ,In  some cases money becomes a hurdle in women menstrual hygiene as females cannot afford to buy sanitary napkins Also if they can buy it many of them have no knowledge about how to use them ,So they prefer to use cloth pad which seems to be unhygienic alternative ….
Apart from this many school  going girls are found throwing the non –disposable sanitary pads in the bin with other waste ,also they try to flush them which can lead to hazardous environment  pollution if not taken care of…
Hence there is a strict need to teach women as a adolescent girls and girls who are about to reach adolescence about safe menstrual hygiene...
WHAT IS ACTUALLY MENSTURATION???
According to WHO person aged 10 to 19 is considered is considered as aldoscent and uring this human age group there are many physical, psychological and biological development of a individual and one such  biological change is menstruation or in common words “Periods”…Menarche or first menstruation is the periodic biological cycle that is marked in all primates as a sign  beginning or onset of reproductive cycle… It has been observed that menstruation begins in around 13 to 15 years in all human females....
WHAT ARE MENSTURAL WASTES??
Menstrual waste are the waste generated by a female during her reproductive years these  include undisposed sanitary napkins, stained cloth pads etc…. There is a need for their safe disposal and fall to spread of various  infections that are caused by them…  
EVENTS DURING MENSTURATION…..
Mensturation /Menses is the monthly bleeding  cycle occurring in all females…. Continuation of this cycle is representation of active reproductive phase in any female, This cycle is of 28 days which includes various phases like follicular phase,leutal phase etc... The menstrual flow occurs during three to five days of the cycle average in all females This blood flow is a result of shedding of  endometrium that is the lining of Uterus (Which is a pear shaped structure and is a part of reproductive system of females)...
CULTURAL BELIEFS AND MYTHS PREVAILING IN INDIAN SOCIETY
Menstural beliefs  refers to misconception and attitudes towards menstruation within a given culture or religion If we look into our past there existed too many misconceptions like restriction on cooking, bathing, worshiping, eating certain foods also some beliefs included washing of stained clothes in the corner of the house or  outside the house indeed so that these  are clothes are not seen by others….It was believied   that  witches would go after menstrual blood if the used clothes were not buried properly, and could curse the  menstruating female or can cause her infertility… In many  such findings  women were not allowed to enter the temple or worship area  and touch religious items they were not also not allowed to participate in outdoor activities like sports and not allowed to consume certain foods  and wash their hair… In this way women were kept away from the real meaning of mensturation it’s important in their life clean and hygiene practices harmful effects of that can be caused if sanitation  was not properly taken care of during these times…
VARIOUS ABOSRBANTS USED BY WOMEN DURING THESE DAYS
1-CLOTH PADS-These are good options if clean properly  dried in sun so that it is safe to use them again also they are cost effective
2-SANITARY NAPKINS-Commericially available at medical stores, easy to use and are reusable 
3-MENSTURAL CUPS- These are like cups made of medical grade silicone and rubber which make  them easy to fold and inserted into vagina to collect menstrual blood they are reusable and cost effective...
HOW IS MENSTURAL WASTE IS DISPOSED AND IS IT SAFER OPTION??
Proper disposal of menstrual waste is still unknown by many women all over the world due to lack of knowledge ..Many of them dispose off their menstrual waste with the domestic waste ,many women throw their unrapped sanitary napkins into the flush tank or sometimes even flush it which can result in choking of public toilets.. In India many public toilets in  are not well equipiped Poor facilities here includes unavailability of bins in toilets and toiletry items like soap, hand wash etc.. In rural India women mostly used cloth pads which can be reused and produce relatively  lesser waste compared to waste generated by improper disposal of commercial pads used in urban India.. Many times girls are found absent from the school or colleges due to lack of sanitary facilities like proper water facilities, broken doors of washrooms, absence of toiletry items from the toilet such unhygienic and unsafe practices can cause serious health hazards lake blockage of sewage system, ddisturbed soil  composition of any area by causing soil pollution… 
Stained pads can contain HIV virus, Hepatitis B virus which can get into the soil or water bodies and can be life threatening also the choked drainage system has to be cleaned by workers with bare hands and without the use of any safety measure which can make them prone to many deadly infections….
ROLE OF SOCIETY 
1-Men  can support women and girls in managing and supporting her with love and care during these times
2-In many cases when the family income is low men do not provide money to women or their daughters to buy pads/ other sanitary items so women has to compromise with her personal hygiene …
3- Practices like making the female to stay out of the house should not be encouraged as this may cause adverse effects to the health of women…
4-Proper toilet and separate washroom should be built in school or educational institutes and even at home so that women can take care of her personal hygiene
5-Seminars and  educational talks should be organized in schools colleges and even at homes,such environment should be created that females can easily discuss such matters with their families and proper love and care should be done doing during these days rather than teasing or making her ashamed 
off..
PROJECTS REGARDING SAFE MENSTURAL HYGIENE
“SUKHAD” is one of such projects launched in India to support women and provide her with knowledge about safe menstrual hygiene …“SUKHAD”,is the project launched under NGO named “HAMARI PAHCHAN” in year 2020 under advocate and social worker –Deepali GangilUnder “SUKHAD” we the NGO members help underprevialaged women spend their periods comfortably..We aim to provide sanitary pads,educating them on menstrual hygiene and raising awareness that “periods” and discussing them isnot taboo topic but rather normal method..
THANK YOU
WRITER-ADITI JOSHI 





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